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Table of Contents

Introduction

This guide provides information about configuring a FortiSwitch unit in standalone mode. In standalone mode, you manage the FortiSwitch unit by connecting directly to the unit, either using the web-based manager (also known as the GUI) or the CLI.

If you will be managing your FortiSwitch unit using a FortiGate unit, refer to the following guide: FortiSwitch Managed by FortiOS 6.4.

This chapter covers the following topics:

Supported models

This guide is for all FortiSwitch models that are supported by FortiSwitchOS, which includes all of the D-series, E-series, and F-series models.

Whatʼs new in FortiSwitchOS 6.4.5

Release 6.4.5 provides the following new features:

  • The maximum number of IGMP-snooping and MLD-snooping groups has been increased. The following are the maximum number of groups:

    FSR-112D-POE 4,096
    FSR-124D, FS-2xxD, FS-2xxE, FS-4xxD, FS-4xxE, FS-M426E-FPOE 1,024
    FS-124E, FS-124F, and FS-108E 1,024
    FS-148E and FS-148F 4,096
    FS-5xx 8,192 (IGMP snooping) and 6,144 (MLD snooping)
    FS-1048E 8,192
    FS-1048D and FS-1024D 4,096
    FS-3032D and FS-3032E 8,192
  • You can now use the diagnostic monitoring interface (DMI) to monitor QSFP28 transceivers.

Refer to Feature matrix: FortiSwitchOS 6.4.5 for details about the features supported on each FortiSwitch model.

Feature matrix: FortiSwitchOS 6.4.5

The following table lists the FortiSwitch features in release 6.4.5 that are supported on each series of FortiSwitch models. All features are available in release 6.4.5, unless otherwise stated.

Feature

GUI supported

112D-POE

FSR-124D

1xxE, 1xxF

4xxE

200 Series, 400 Series

500 Series

1024D, 1048D, 1048E

3032D, 3032E

Management and Configuration

CPLD software upgrade support for OS

1024D, 1048D

Firmware image rotation (dual-firmware image support)

148E, 148E-POE

HTTP REST APIs for configuration and monitoring

Support for switch SNMP OID

IP conflict detection and notification

FortiSwitch Cloud configuration

Auto topology

Security and Visibility

802.1x port mode

802.1x MAC-based security mode

User-based (802.1x) VLAN assignment

802.1x enhancements, including MAB

MAB reauthentication disabled

open-auth mode

Support of the RADIUS accounting server

Partial

Support of RADIUS CoA and disconnect messages

EAP Pass-Through

Network device detection

IP-MAC binding (IPv4)

sFlow (IPv4)

Flow export (IPv4)

ACL (IPv4)

Multistage ACL (IPv4)

Multiple ingress ACLs (IPv4)

Schedule for ACLs (IPv4)

DHCP snooping

DHCPv6 snooping

Allowed DHCP server list

IP source guard (IPv4)

IP source-guard violation log

Dynamic ARP inspection (IPv4)

ARP timeout value

Access VLANs (See Note 8.)

RMON group 1

Reliable syslog

Packet capture

MACsec (See Note 7.)

Layer 2

Link aggregation group size (maximum number of ports) (See Note 2.)

8

8

8

8

8

24/48

24/48

24, 64

LAG min-max-bundle

IPv6 RA guard

IGMP snooping

IGMP proxy

IGMP querier

MLD snooping

MLD proxy

MLD querier

LLDP-MED

LLDP-MED: ELIN support

Per-port max for learned MACs

MAC learning limit (See Note 4.)

Learning limit violation log (See Note 4.)

set mac-violation-timer

Sticky MAC

Total MAC entries

MSTP instances

0-15

0-15

0-15

0-15

0-15

0-32

0-32

0-32

STP root guard

STP BPDU guard

Rapid PVST interoperation

'forced-untagged' or 'force-tagged' setting on switch interfaces

Private VLANs

Multi-stage load balancing

Priority-based flow control

Ingress pause metering

3032D

Storm control

Per-port storm control

Global burst-size control

MAC/IP/protocol-based VLAN assignment

Virtual wire

Loop guard

Percentage rate control

VLAN stacking (QinQ)

VLAN mapping

SPAN

RSPAN and ERSPAN (IPv4)

RSPAN

Flow control

Layer 3

Link monitor (IPv4)

Static routing (IPv4/IPv6)

Hardware routing offload (IPv4/IPv6)

Software routing only (IPv4/IPv6)

OSPF (IPv4/IPv6) (See Note 3.)

OSPF database overflow protection (IPv4)

OSPF graceful restart (helper mode only) (IPv4)

RIP (IPv4/IPv6) (See Note 3.)

VRRP (IPv4/IPv6) (See Note 3.)

BGP (IPv4/IPv6) (See Note 3.)

IS-IS (IPv4/IPv6) (See Note 3.)

PIM (IPv4) (See Note 3.)

Hardware-based ECMP (IPv4)

VRF (IPv4/IPv6)

Static BFD (IPv4/IPv6)

BFD for BGPv6

BFD for RIPng

uRPF

DHCP relay (IPv4)

DHCP server (IPv4)

4xx only

High Availability

MCLAG (multichassis link aggregation)

Partial

STP supported in MCLAGs

IGMP snooping in MCLAG

Quality of Service

802.1p support, including priority queuing trunk and WRED

QoS queue counters

QoS marking (IPv4/IPv6)

Summary of configured queue mappings

Egress priority tagging (IPv4/IPv6)

ECN (IPv4/IPv6)

Real-time egress queue rates

Miscellaneous

PoE-pre-standard detection (See Note 1.)

FS-1xxE POE

PoE modes support: first come, first served or priority based (PoE models)

FS-1xxE POE

Control of temperature alerts

Split port (See Note 6.)

Partial

1048E

TDR (time-domain reflectometer)/cable diagnostics support

Auto module max speed detection and notification

Monitor system temperature (threshold configuration and SNMP trap support)

FS-124E-POE, FS-124E-FPOE, FS-148E, FS-148E-POE

Cut-through switching

Add CLI to show the details of port statistics

Configuration of the QSFP low-power mode

1048D, 1048E

Energy-efficient Ethernet

PHY Forward Error Correction (See Note 5.)

1048E

3032E

PTP transparent clock (IPv4/IPv6)

1048E

Notes
  1. PoE features are applicable only to the model numbers with a POE or FPOE suffix.
  2. 24-port LAG is applicable to 524D, 524-FPOE, 1024D, and 3032D models. 48-port LAG is applicable to 548D, 548-FPOE, and 1048D models.
  3. To use the dynamic layer-3 protocols, you must have an advanced features license.
  4. The per-VLAN MAC learning limit and per-trunk MAC learning limit are not supported on the 448D/448D-POE/448D-FPOE/248E-POE/248E-FPOE/248D series.
  5. Supported only in 100G mode (clause 91).
  6. On the 3032E, you can split one port at the full base speed, split one port into four sub-ports of 25 Gbps each (100G QSFP only), or split one port into four sub-ports of 10 Gbps each (40G or 100G QSFP).
  7. Supported on 5xxD 10G ports.
  8. The maximum number of access VLANs on the FS-1xxE models is 16; the maximum number of access VLANs on the FS-148F models is 32.

Before you begin

Before you start administrating your FortiSwitch unit, it is assumed that you have completed the initial configuration of the FortiSwitch unit, as outlined in the QuickStart Guide for your FortiSwitch model and have administrative access to the FortiSwitch unit’s GUI and CLI.

How this guide is organized

This guide is organized into the following chapters:

Introduction

This guide provides information about configuring a FortiSwitch unit in standalone mode. In standalone mode, you manage the FortiSwitch unit by connecting directly to the unit, either using the web-based manager (also known as the GUI) or the CLI.

If you will be managing your FortiSwitch unit using a FortiGate unit, refer to the following guide: FortiSwitch Managed by FortiOS 6.4.

This chapter covers the following topics:

Supported models

This guide is for all FortiSwitch models that are supported by FortiSwitchOS, which includes all of the D-series, E-series, and F-series models.

Whatʼs new in FortiSwitchOS 6.4.5

Release 6.4.5 provides the following new features:

  • The maximum number of IGMP-snooping and MLD-snooping groups has been increased. The following are the maximum number of groups:

    FSR-112D-POE 4,096
    FSR-124D, FS-2xxD, FS-2xxE, FS-4xxD, FS-4xxE, FS-M426E-FPOE 1,024
    FS-124E, FS-124F, and FS-108E 1,024
    FS-148E and FS-148F 4,096
    FS-5xx 8,192 (IGMP snooping) and 6,144 (MLD snooping)
    FS-1048E 8,192
    FS-1048D and FS-1024D 4,096
    FS-3032D and FS-3032E 8,192
  • You can now use the diagnostic monitoring interface (DMI) to monitor QSFP28 transceivers.

Refer to Feature matrix: FortiSwitchOS 6.4.5 for details about the features supported on each FortiSwitch model.

Feature matrix: FortiSwitchOS 6.4.5

The following table lists the FortiSwitch features in release 6.4.5 that are supported on each series of FortiSwitch models. All features are available in release 6.4.5, unless otherwise stated.

Feature

GUI supported

112D-POE

FSR-124D

1xxE, 1xxF

4xxE

200 Series, 400 Series

500 Series

1024D, 1048D, 1048E

3032D, 3032E

Management and Configuration

CPLD software upgrade support for OS

1024D, 1048D

Firmware image rotation (dual-firmware image support)

148E, 148E-POE

HTTP REST APIs for configuration and monitoring

Support for switch SNMP OID

IP conflict detection and notification

FortiSwitch Cloud configuration

Auto topology

Security and Visibility

802.1x port mode

802.1x MAC-based security mode

User-based (802.1x) VLAN assignment

802.1x enhancements, including MAB

MAB reauthentication disabled

open-auth mode

Support of the RADIUS accounting server

Partial

Support of RADIUS CoA and disconnect messages

EAP Pass-Through

Network device detection

IP-MAC binding (IPv4)

sFlow (IPv4)

Flow export (IPv4)

ACL (IPv4)

Multistage ACL (IPv4)

Multiple ingress ACLs (IPv4)

Schedule for ACLs (IPv4)

DHCP snooping

DHCPv6 snooping

Allowed DHCP server list

IP source guard (IPv4)

IP source-guard violation log

Dynamic ARP inspection (IPv4)

ARP timeout value

Access VLANs (See Note 8.)

RMON group 1

Reliable syslog

Packet capture

MACsec (See Note 7.)

Layer 2

Link aggregation group size (maximum number of ports) (See Note 2.)

8

8

8

8

8

24/48

24/48

24, 64

LAG min-max-bundle

IPv6 RA guard

IGMP snooping

IGMP proxy

IGMP querier

MLD snooping

MLD proxy

MLD querier

LLDP-MED

LLDP-MED: ELIN support

Per-port max for learned MACs

MAC learning limit (See Note 4.)

Learning limit violation log (See Note 4.)

set mac-violation-timer

Sticky MAC

Total MAC entries

MSTP instances

0-15

0-15

0-15

0-15

0-15

0-32

0-32

0-32

STP root guard

STP BPDU guard

Rapid PVST interoperation

'forced-untagged' or 'force-tagged' setting on switch interfaces

Private VLANs

Multi-stage load balancing

Priority-based flow control

Ingress pause metering

3032D

Storm control

Per-port storm control

Global burst-size control

MAC/IP/protocol-based VLAN assignment

Virtual wire

Loop guard

Percentage rate control

VLAN stacking (QinQ)

VLAN mapping

SPAN

RSPAN and ERSPAN (IPv4)

RSPAN

Flow control

Layer 3

Link monitor (IPv4)

Static routing (IPv4/IPv6)

Hardware routing offload (IPv4/IPv6)

Software routing only (IPv4/IPv6)

OSPF (IPv4/IPv6) (See Note 3.)

OSPF database overflow protection (IPv4)

OSPF graceful restart (helper mode only) (IPv4)

RIP (IPv4/IPv6) (See Note 3.)

VRRP (IPv4/IPv6) (See Note 3.)

BGP (IPv4/IPv6) (See Note 3.)

IS-IS (IPv4/IPv6) (See Note 3.)

PIM (IPv4) (See Note 3.)

Hardware-based ECMP (IPv4)

VRF (IPv4/IPv6)

Static BFD (IPv4/IPv6)

BFD for BGPv6

BFD for RIPng

uRPF

DHCP relay (IPv4)

DHCP server (IPv4)

4xx only

High Availability

MCLAG (multichassis link aggregation)

Partial

STP supported in MCLAGs

IGMP snooping in MCLAG

Quality of Service

802.1p support, including priority queuing trunk and WRED

QoS queue counters

QoS marking (IPv4/IPv6)

Summary of configured queue mappings

Egress priority tagging (IPv4/IPv6)

ECN (IPv4/IPv6)

Real-time egress queue rates

Miscellaneous

PoE-pre-standard detection (See Note 1.)

FS-1xxE POE

PoE modes support: first come, first served or priority based (PoE models)

FS-1xxE POE

Control of temperature alerts

Split port (See Note 6.)

Partial

1048E

TDR (time-domain reflectometer)/cable diagnostics support

Auto module max speed detection and notification

Monitor system temperature (threshold configuration and SNMP trap support)

FS-124E-POE, FS-124E-FPOE, FS-148E, FS-148E-POE

Cut-through switching

Add CLI to show the details of port statistics

Configuration of the QSFP low-power mode

1048D, 1048E

Energy-efficient Ethernet

PHY Forward Error Correction (See Note 5.)

1048E

3032E

PTP transparent clock (IPv4/IPv6)

1048E

Notes
  1. PoE features are applicable only to the model numbers with a POE or FPOE suffix.
  2. 24-port LAG is applicable to 524D, 524-FPOE, 1024D, and 3032D models. 48-port LAG is applicable to 548D, 548-FPOE, and 1048D models.
  3. To use the dynamic layer-3 protocols, you must have an advanced features license.
  4. The per-VLAN MAC learning limit and per-trunk MAC learning limit are not supported on the 448D/448D-POE/448D-FPOE/248E-POE/248E-FPOE/248D series.
  5. Supported only in 100G mode (clause 91).
  6. On the 3032E, you can split one port at the full base speed, split one port into four sub-ports of 25 Gbps each (100G QSFP only), or split one port into four sub-ports of 10 Gbps each (40G or 100G QSFP).
  7. Supported on 5xxD 10G ports.
  8. The maximum number of access VLANs on the FS-1xxE models is 16; the maximum number of access VLANs on the FS-148F models is 32.

Before you begin

Before you start administrating your FortiSwitch unit, it is assumed that you have completed the initial configuration of the FortiSwitch unit, as outlined in the QuickStart Guide for your FortiSwitch model and have administrative access to the FortiSwitch unit’s GUI and CLI.

How this guide is organized

This guide is organized into the following chapters: